Modicana cows are reared in the Ragusa provice and the town of Modica in particular.
The Modicana, a small yet sturdy breed of cow, part of Sicilian rural life for many centuries, can withstand Sicily's sunny climate and rocky terrain. These cows are characterised by a red coat with some darker shadings and are usually grazed outdoor for most of the year thus providing excellent milk which is the traditional raw material for one of Sicilyâ€™s most prized cheeses: Ragusano.
The rearing of this breed is in decline since over the past decades some people have preferred other breeds. This is mainly because compared to a more standard dairy cow such as the Freesian breed, the Modicana breed yields half the milk and does not provide a lot of meat. Today there are only 1,000 Modicanas on 14 farms across the area.